Industry Commodity Expertise
Diversification and balance are strongly valued at Byrnes. To provide you with
the best professional services possible, we have organized our staff into commodity teams of
expertise. We have a team who speaks your language and can advise you specifically on
requirements and compliance within your industry so you do not worry about the correct and
proper way to handle your goods and shipments.
Our logistics services can help you with imports and exports and with everyday goods to
specialty products. We cover a wide range from auto parts to zircon. Let us know how we can
Commodity Expertise and Focus
- Agriculture and Food – require knowledge of special paperwork and handling needs whether importing or exporting. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and US Department of Agriculture (USDA) are the lead agencies for this commodity. They work in tandem with Customs and Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) for export. Perishable products are time and temperature sensitive. Registration with FDA of all entities handling the import of these items is mandatory along with Prior Notice filing before the goods arrive at a US Port of Entry.
- Alcohol Beverages – are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. In addition to regulation by Customs and Border Protection (CBP), these goods are also regulated by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). There are special permits that are required as well as separate regulations for Importation or Exportation of Alcohol Beverages. There are requirements for label approvals (COLAs) and other regulations.
- Aircraft and Aerospace – covers aircraft parts to planes and equipment for atmospheric monitoring, integrated defense systems, satellites and space technology. Both the import and export of parts, goods and equipment are often regulated, licensed and can be restricted. Parts for aircraft require identification as to the type of aircraft they are designed for and could require special certificates or licenses.
Special Customs Bonds are required for aircraft. Both the Import and Export of Aircraft are very complex; advance notification to several agencies or departments is required to avoid detention and / or penalties starting at $5000 per violation.
- BioMed – covers several fields including biological and medical devices, products, supplies and equipment. At minimum this commodity comes under the scrutiny and regulation of Customs (CBP), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) and requires a very precise and accurate description of items. Medical items and medications are increasingly scrutinized by multiple agencies.
- Energy, Specialized Instrumentation – covers electronics, precision components, and specialized metals. Careful classification in advance is critical to avoid reclassification by CBP after release and to prevent fines, penalties or even seizure on export. Specific licensing may be required; and approval from the destination country prior to shipment must also be considered.
- Works of Art – covers all forms of art including collectors' pieces. However, the US and other countries do not always agree about what constitutes art, especially original works of art. When Customs determines that an article is not an original, it assesses a duty on the price paid for a non-Art item based on the composition. Know your seller. Knowledge of special paperwork and handling requirements are essential, too.
- Apparel, Textiles, and Footwear – the US Harmonized Tariff Schedule (US HTS) Headnotes and tariff classifications illustrate the complexity of proper classification and entry of these commodities. Duties on textile imports typically represent 40 to 45 percent of total revenue from Customs.
Customs indicates that textiles are their number one target for compliance due to issues prevalent within the industry. Customs' opinion is that a buyer needs to know all the details about the composition and manufacture or subcontracting of apparel, textiles and footwear prior to placing the order.